Thursday, April 10, 2008

NARA's guide to Records of Mauthausen Concentration Camp

The National Archives announced today that it has published a new guide to Records of Mauthausen Concentration Camp, including World War II and Postwar Records.

The guide, compiled by staff archivist Amy Schmidt and intern Gudrun Loehrer, identifies and describes records from 19 record groups preserved at the National Archives at College Park, Maryland.

From the NARA press release:
"The records were developed through wartime intelligence and reconnaissance, captured during the camp's liberation, and generated through postwar military investigations and tribunals. They include textual, photographic, motion picture, and cartographic records, spanning the period 1938-1960. The 367-page reference information paper (RIP 115) is available free from the Research Support Staff at the National Archives at College Park. To obtain a copy, please call 1-866-272-6272 or 1-800-234-8861.

Mauthausen was an SS-operated "Category III" death camp designed to hold "heavily accused" prisoners and "asocial prisoners, those who can hardly be corrected." The volume provides detailed description of records that document both the nature of the Mauthausen complex as a network of about 50 sub camps and the operation of the camps, including forced labor, transport of inmates, and methods of execution. The opening section describes Original Mauthausen records and special collections, and another identifies at length the records of the U.S. Army war crimes trials in Dachau, Germany, 1945-1948. Appendices provide a list of Mauthausen defendants by case; a catalogue of Mauthausen materials at the International Tracing Service in Bad Arolsen, Germany; and an address list of other international repositories holding Mauthausen-related records. These records are an invaluable source of information for Holocaust historians."

More info:
Holocaust-era records and research at the National Archives .

Online Holocaust-Era Assets: A Finding Aid to Records at the National Archives at College Park, Maryland.

Information on Holocaust-related microfilm publications

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